The crop of any plant is good only when the quality of the soil is good. It is always considered better to prepare the right soil for the right crop.
The progressive farmer who is nowadays always gets the soil tested of the fields before sowing the crop, whether it is in the soil condition, and whether it will be able to give better nutrition to the seeds and plants. So the land of the country will grow gold only when its fertilizer capacity is better.
How can you find out what is the soil for farming, how can you find out the quality of the soil. Before this, let us know which type of soil is better for which type of crop in India.
First of all, let’s talk about alluvial soil, about 35% of the total land of the country i.e. 35% is covered by this soil.
This soil is mostly found in North India. It is high in phosphoric, acid, and organic matter, but lacks nitrogen and potash. Cotton, beet, millet, gram, soybean, and any kind of oil seeds and fruit vegetables are grown in this soil.
Black soil It is also called cotton soil. This soil is found more in Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. This soil is considered very fertile for growing rice, sugarcane, wheat, jowar, sunflower, citrus fruits and vegetables in taste.
the finely divided, red, brown, and yellow soil-coloring minerals originate by what process?
Next is the red and yellow soil. This soil is found in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and parts of the Western Ghats, it is rich in sand and also potash, it is used for growing rice, wheat, ragi, sugarcane, potato, mango, orange, and vegetables. The soil is excellent.
Next is the laterite soil. This soil is found in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Assam. Which is considered very good for crops like cotton, rice, wheat, tea, coffee, coconut, rubber, cashew, etc.
Apart from these, species of soils like arid soil, mountain soil, desert soil, are present in India. Desert soil i.e. millet, barley, is grown in desert soil. Hilly soil is considered good for tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits.
why is soil testing important
If you are not doing soil testing before farming, then understand that you are shooting arrows in the dark. Soil testing measures the pH level of the soil, which shows how acetic the soil is. And how much amount of phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, manganese, nitrogen, zinc, lime is present in the soil.
Farmers must get soil testing done at least once in a year, so that the fertility of the soil can be ascertained, and whatever is lacking in the soil can be removed, the sample can be taken before harvesting the crop. Soil test should be done after and after 1 month before sowing the seeds. So that the result is available in time, and the field can be prepared according to the need.
There are a few things you should keep in mind while taking a soil sample,
it is permissible to enter an excavation to get a soil sample
For example, where there is a heap of manure from where the irrigation drain flows, samples should be taken from where the chemical has been poured. Wet soil should not be sampled, and if necessary, it should be dried in a shady place before taking it.
The bushes in the ground have been burnt, and chemical or rotten manure has been applied 2 to 3 days before, the sample should be kept in a cotton cloth bag or plastic envelope, and kept away from the chemical or chemical sack. And hands should be washed before collecting the sample. You can take the collected sample to your nearest soil testing center to the nearest agricultural university, or to the Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
By the way, there are also some measures to maintain the fertilizer capacity of the soil. By adopting them, you can give a healthy life to the soil.
how to increase fertilizer capacity farmville 2
1 – soil moisture loss
The first is that the decreasing soil moisture reduces the life of the soil. Therefore irrigation is necessary so that the moisture remains. Due to which the growth of seeds and plants will be good. Many farmers put hay and straw on their fields to save them from drying out. Due to this, the soil does not get direct sunlight. And the irrigated soil does not dry up quickly. This is a very easy and good way.
2- soil fertility
Sowing of the same crop in the soil of another reduces the fertility of the soil. That is why if you have harvested paddy, wheat, corn, or any other crop, then after that plant any crop which increases the fertilizer capacity of the soil. Vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, peas, radishes, cabbage, increase the fertilizer capacity of the soil.
3- chemical fertilizer
Excessive use of chemical fertilizers also causes a lot of damage to the land in the long-term. That is why the use of organic manure made from vegetable peels, leaves of trees and cow dung will keep you in advantage. Anyway, due to the increasing demand for organic products in the market, the organic farming trend is increasing. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Bangalore has put the rate list of soil testing on its website.
soil testing near me
For testing the pH level of the soil and micronutrients, farmers charge ₹ 500 and companies ₹ 15 for the form. If you put soil testing near on Google, then you will know about your nearest center. Where you can get this work done.
Location is also a way to find out how fertile the soil is, and how much organic matter is in it. Now dig up to 6 inches of soil in whatever land you are cultivating, and see how many earthworms are in the soil. If 20 to 5 earthworms are seen, then understand that the soil is suitable for growing crops. If earthworms are less then you have to work on it.
how much does it cost for soil testing
If you do not have a soil testing center near you, then it does not matter, you can open the center yourself with the help of the government, it costs about ₹ 500000 to open the center. In this 75% i.e. ₹ 375000 is given by the Central Government. Soil Health Card Scheme This is the scheme in which any person between 18 to 40 years of age can do this work. Soil Testing Lab or Soil Testing Lab can be of two types. The first is that you can open a place or shop by renting it. And another mobile soil testing van which can go anywhere and test the soil and give results to the farmers.